What exactly are hormones and what do they do?

This blog is about hormones with some regularity . Sometimes they are responsible for all kinds of unpleasant physical problems, sometimes they can solve them properly. In all cases they are essential for the most diverse physical processes.

But what exactly are hormones? How do they work and what effects can they have? Which important hormones have which functions? In this article you can read it all!

What are hormones?

Hormones are chemical substances that your body produces to regulate all kinds of processes. Certain organs and tissues have receptors for certain hormones. When such a receptor is activated, the organ receives a signal to work harder or less hard.

Unlike nerves, for example, hormones regulate long-term processes in your body. This is possible because they are transported through your blood and often remain there for a longer period of time. Only when you no longer need them are they broken down again by the liver.

What do hormones do?

What kind of processes are these, for example? An important example is reproduction: hormones regulate menstruation, pregnancies, the transition and the production of sperm cells. Growth, digestion , fat storage and moisture management also fall under this category of physical processes.

In addition, hormones have a lot of influence on your mental state. After all, your brain also has certain receptors for these types of substances. Hormones can therefore make you feel stressed, happy or depressed .

Important hormones

All in all, there are around a hundred of these substances working in your body. But what are hormones that you really need to know? We put the most important ones among each other:

  • Estrogen , or the female sex hormone. Controls the menstrual cycle and the growth of female sexual characteristics. Is also involved in the regulation of blood pressure and cholesterol .
  • Testosterone , or the male sex hormone. Ensures the production of sperm and stimulates bone density and the production of muscle tissue.
  • Growth hormone . Is involved in the production of new tissue, wound healing and bone density. Also supports recovery after illness.
  • Cortisol , or the stress hormone. Ensures thatextra energy is releasedin times of stress and has an anti-inflammatory effect.
  • Insulin . Prevents too high blood sugar levels and makes it possible to store energy in fat and muscles .
  • Thyroxine , or thyroid hormone. Accelerates fat burning and metabolism and increases appetite .
  • Melatonin . Regulates the day-night rhythm and causes drowsiness in the evening.

Too much of a good thing

As you can see, all these hormones are essential for proper functioning of the body. However, they can also have adverse consequences if you create too much or too little of it !.

An overactive thyroid gland , for example, causes too much energy consumption, causing you to be underweight . Too much insulin can lead to resistance and therefore diabetes, and too much cortisol causes the storage of unhealthy organ fat. It is therefore essential to keep all these hormones in good balance.

Disturbed hormone balance

The cause of a disturbed hormone balance is often your lifestyle. For example, unhealthy eating can lead to a problematic increase in certain hormones. Stress and lack of sleep also cause an increase in cortisol in particular, and a decrease in growth hormone, for example.

So you certainly have an influence on the health of your hormonal system! By eating as much as possible healthy and varied , taking enough rest and exercising, you keep your body and hormones in balance.